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tv   American Morning  CNN  August 3, 2010 6:00am-9:00am EDT

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police not only dodging budgets but an sloexplosive device. new nofrgs information on the a that are increasing in sophistication. do you ever get the feeling you are being watched online? you are and you're not alone. more advertisers and big businesses are following every point and click that you make. is online privacy completely dead or can we protect ourselves from big brother 2.0? we've been told it is the beginning of the end in the gulf of mexico but this morning we are still waiting for the static kill operation to get under way. the first shot at plugging the well for good could begin some time today. >> the government has put out a new estimate of just how much oil has leaked from bp's well and it's on the high end, higher than bp ever acknowledged. almost 206 million gallons, by far the largest accidental oil leak in history.
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>> jim acosta is live for us in new orleans. back to the static kill. they had a delay but are hoping to begin this operation today. what's the latest, jim? >> reporter: well, kiran, the latest is we're going to find out today whether or not this is sf static kill day or ground hog day. we think at this point that that static kill is going to get going. bp is saying that they had a small leak in a hydraulic system inside the containment cap that's on top of the relief well. that's pretty key that they get that fixed so they can begin what they're calling the injectivity test. this is one of those jargon terms that sort of springs up in the middle of this process. essentially that test involves injecting oil down into the relief well to see if it can handle that injection. if that test is a go, if all systems are go for that test, that will be a good indicator that they can start injecting that mud, start putting that mud
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down into the relief well through the static kill process. one thing we've learned in the last 24 hours listening to briefings from both bp and thad allen, there are a lot of variables in this. yesterday during a technical briefing one of the top executives for bp, kent wells, talked about this static well perhaps being the end-all/be-all of this process. they hopes static kill kills this well once and for all and that the relief well that's being drilled as part of the bottom kill procedure is sort of just that last part of this sort of poking the dead guy with the stick to make sure the well is completely killed. at this point we're all sort of waiting to see if static kill is going to get under way. another thing we should mention, just a little note that came from our weather folks at cnn overnight that a tropical system may be developing out in the caribbean that could potentially adversely affect conditions out at the deepwater horizon site
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within the next five to seven days. that is going to add some sense of urgency to this process as it gets under way. >> we'll talk to rob marciano about that in a few minutes. let's turn to this issue of how much oil was leaked out of this well and the number of days it was running. those early estimates we remember in late april of 5,000 barrels a day seemed i guess, at best, laughable, and at worst deliberately misleading. >> reporter: that's right. and at this point, are we ever going to find out whether bp was deliberately misleading the public about the volume of oil going into the gulf? one thing we do know is that late yesterday a team of federal scientists came out with new estimates as to how much oil leaked out into the gulf during this catastrophe and they're talking about somewhere in the neighborhood of 4.9 million barrels of oil. that's an astonishing amount of oil. as you said, around 200 million gallons. really just blowing away what was thought to be the world's
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largest oil spill, the one down in mexico back in the '70s. so this one is really sort of the mother of all oil spills for the entire world in modern times. it's a pretty key number because as we all know, the damages that will be levied from bp to pay for all of this in the end from the federal government will be determined based on the volume of oil that goes into the gulf. so federal officials have been keeping a close eye on this number as this process develops. it is one of those numbers that perhaps we took our eye off of during this process but i would imagine that folks who want to collect some damages from bp during all of this, they've been paying attention to it for some time. >> you can bet there is an army of attorneys in louisiana who have been paying very close attention to all of that. jim acosta for thus morning in new orleans, thanks. a desperate attempt to save a dying gulf pea seize is under way right now. thousands of sea turtle eggs that were carefully picked up by
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hand from the northern gulf coast were transported across florida to the kennedy space center for incubation. 400 were released on the beach last night, a risky move but maybe the only option to save an entire generation of sea turtles. even in perfect conditions, only a tryny traction of those babies survive into adulthood once they reach the ocean. new this morning, plans to build a controversial islamic center and mosque just two blocks from ground zero expected to clear a huge hurdle today. new york city landmarks preservation commission is scheduled to vote about whether to grand the landmark -- property landmark status. one board member is on record that he expects an overwhelming no-vote. what that means is the way would then be cleared for construction of the center to begin. coming up in the next hour, we'll get a live report from allan chernoff. what do you think about an islamic center and mosque two blocks from ground zero? there's been a lot of reaction on both sides. join the conversation,
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cnn.com/amfix. this morning, something comedian bill cosby wants you to know. he is alive. rumors of cosby's death went viral on twitter yesterday. cosby says it is the fourth time his being reported dead on the internet. the 73-year-old responded to the rumors with his trademark humor on his own twitter account. he wrote, "again i'm rebuttaling rumors about my demise but i am confirming that i have an app." >> 73 years old, tech savvy and still very much alive. six minutes past the hour. we get a check of this morning's weather headlines with our rob marciano in the extreme weather center. you're watching colin, now a tropical storm. >> about an hour ago the national hurricane center upgraded this can prop cal storm status. almost 3,000 miles away from the u.s. but heading in this general direction. quickly west-northwesterly moving at 23 miles an hour. the forecast is to keep it going in that direction and
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potentially try to curb it in the direction of bermuda as opposed to the u.s. we're way too far out to give any sort of confidence in that sort of forecast. the other big weather story is the heat again -- a lot of pinks and oranges again on the map today. 105 to 115 is what it will feel like in those states highlighted. we had a slew of records broke. we'll talk more about that in about 30 minutes. look like a decent day across the northeast with palatable temperatures. speak being of the north, the auroras may be firing up over the next couple of nights after a long sleep, the sun is beginning to wake up. we'll talk more about whether you'll be able to see the aurora borealis later on this evening. >> thanks, rob. seven minutes past the hour. a border city terrorized by drug gangs. this morning new video of a brazen attack. we have it and also new details about the war next door just
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11 minutes after the hour. virginia joining the fray over illegal immigration. the state's attorney general says virginia law allows officers to check the immigration status of anyone they stop or arrest. that's pretty close to one of the key provisions that a federal judge blocked from arizona's controversial immigration law. however, even with blocking that in arizona, police officers are allowed to check someone's immigration status, they just respect required to. >> it would be interesting if it ends up being a test case in virginia after all this wrangling over what's going on in arizona. an fbi webpage quotes a senior agent saying violent mexican drug cartels may be more dangerous than al qaeda. a spokesman for fbi stresses that quote is the opinion of one agent who lives and works on the border. the spokesman also says some areas along the mexican border are so vial lep, they are reminisce sent of chicago's gangster era of the 1930s. >> there is new evidence this morning of the brutal and
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escalating drug trade violence ravaging mexico. officials say what you are seeing here in this video is an explosive that was fired at police during a shoot-out in juarez on sunday night. investigators are not sure if it was a grenade but they say it is a reminder of the drug cartel's increased sophistication and strength. every website you visit, every online purchase you make, every file you download you are being watched on the web. can we hide from the prying eyes of big brother 2.0? that's next. that's next. 12 minutes after the hour. blend it. sprinkle it. sweet! [ female announcer ] just about anywhere you use sugar
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15 minutes past the hour. we're "minding your business" this morning. if you drive a cadillac escalade you may want to buy a car alarm if you haven't already. it topped the highway loss data institute's list for most stolen vehicles. out of every 1,000 vehicles taken across the country, 11 of them are escalades.
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the second-most stolen vehicle is a chevy silverado and the third is the dodge charger. the united ash emiratas ar emirates is defending a back berry ban. on october 11th, blackberry messenger, e-mail and web browsing will be suspended on those smartphones. wait until you hear this. it is not 1984. he's not a secretive dictator but here in 2010 big brother is watching you online. when ads pop up for shoes or a book, it's not coincidence. the "wall street journal" is reporting on the death of online privacy in a special series "what they know." joining me a technology editor, julia, we've all lived with
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cookies. the things that store your passwords, let you know what you've got in your shopping cart but this goes way beyond that. how much has technology changed when it comes to tracking what you're doing online. >> what we did at the journal was surveyed the top 50 websites to figure out the answer. we wanted to see what's going on. we found actually the top 50 websites collectively when you visit them install 3 different kinds of trackers on our test computer. so the scope of the surveillance was pretty shocking. the other thing is that the intrusiveness. some of these trackers don't just sort of say, oh, john went to such and such website. it says he's moving his mouth over here on the page, he must be really interested in that piece. or he just typed in a comment. we were amazed how deep they can go. >> you found one website that you went to, one website alone, installed 64 little bits of
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tracking software? that's really incredible. >> on average. amazing. >> the depth they are going to. are some websites worse an others? >> yes. dixary d a dictionary.com. >> a reference website is tracking you. >> this all about ad revenue. these guys don't have a big ad sales force so they work with all these different networks who basically force tracking on you as part of the agreement. if you want their ads you have to let them track your users. >> that's amazing. one website that you've gone on because it tells you sort of what information is out there about you. called bluekai.com. what did you find when you went there? >> so bluekai is just for people who have not heard of it, it is a data exchange. they track you, then they sell that data to people who want to buy it. what i found on mine is my age, my income, everything that i
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ever sort of shopped for, including things i dp buy but just were interested in. it says you're "in market" for them. basically advertisers want people who are in market. if you went to ebay like i did and look at a short sleeved t-shirt, i was label in there "in market" for short sleeve t-shirts. i'm going to get ads for short-sleeved t-shirts forever. >> are there other web pages you can track it? >> not a whole bunch but some of the bigger players in the industry, yahoo! microsoft. >> what do you do? >> it is not easy to manage. people say just turn off cookies but that makes your web experience unfriendly. you have to type in all the passwords and who remembers those anymore. basically try to tune your browser to block third party cookies, cookies from people other than the website you are visiting but often those controls are hard to find. we recommend you use these
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browser plug-in software which is not so easy but if you just download it, it can manage your cookies for you. abean is a fun one, it shows you everything that's popping up and will automatically block it for you. >> new browsers also have a privacy setting. firefox has one called private browsing where they put what they call the corn shield. will that block all of this stuff from coming? >> it will but unfortunately, a lot of those also block your first party cookies, meaning your log-ins and passwords. >> is this just part of the price we pay because bluekai.com in response to your series says when given a choice between paying for content without tracking or getting free content with tracking, people choose free content with tracking more so than the other. >> i think the problem here is that we aren't informed about this tradeoff. some of us would be totally
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willing to trade our content for free data. some us just want to know. >> bluekai.com. julia, thanks. coming up, nightmare scenarios in space. astronauts, including "american morning's" own katy coleman who we've been following from training and beyond, are trying to figure out what they would do if anything went wrong during their stay on the international space station. john zarrella with an "a.m. original" next. 21 minutes past the hour. long summer days, and not enough sleep. what i wouldn't do for a do-over. [ female announcer ] new neutrogena® clinical skincare. exclusive ion2 complex combined with activating cream helps restore collagen depleted skin. neutrogena clinical skincare is clinically tested to undo the look of a year's worth of skin aging in just 4 weeks. do-overs do exist. [ female announcer ] new clinical skincare. neutrogena. #1 dermatologist recommended brand.
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24 minutes past the hour. welcome back to the most news in the morning. nasa is scrambling to deal with a rare emergency on-board the international space station. two spacewalks are scheduled to fix one of the station's two cooling systems that failed over the weekend. nasa officials say that crew members are in no immediate danger but the malfunction does leave the space station with just one critical cooling system in operation. >> right now a future space station crew is here on earth training for worse case scenarios like that when they're 220 miles up in space. >> one member of that crew is "a.m.'s" very own restaurant kat katy coleman. john zarrella is live in miami with an "a.m. original." good morning. of course as you have told us before they train for these scenarios, now one is sort of playing out in space. what's her take on what's going
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on? >> reporter: really is. in fact this amonia pump that failed is considered the most significant failure, ever, on the international space station. the astronauts and cosmonauts train repeatedly for these kinds of problems and how to handle them. we caught up with katy and her crewmates just a couple of weeks ago as they were practicing for even far worse possibilities. for the space station crew, it is an uneventful day orbiting the earth. until -- alarms sound. breaking the routine. something has gone terribly wrong. >> attention. smoke. smoke in note one. smoke in note one. >> reporter: the six station kree members wearing oxygen masks race to the service module, a central gathering point where heads are counted. nobody is missing. the reality is simple, they're 220 miles up in space. the fire department is not
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coming, no one is coming to rescue them. the astronauts and cosmonauts are on their own with three options -- resolve the crisis, abandon the station, or die. fortunately, no one's lie is in pearl this day. you see, this is a full-scale mock-up of the station at the johnson space center. katy coleman and her crew mates, a european space agency astronaut and a russian cosmonaut practice with another station crew how they would respond in the event something really bad does happen whiler in's up in space. katy, go ahead, please. >> fire port? node two. starboard two. 12. copy. >> reporter: if everyone is not on the same page, it would be chaotic. this is the most critical training the crew goes through. it's simple -- if you don't get it right, someone will die. >> you have to contain the fire.
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the smoke. talk to ground. shut down equipment. >> one of the things i think that we learned during these exercises is i learned more the kinds of mistakes i am likely to make. >> reporter: when you're dealing with an emergency 200 miles up, will is no room for mistakes. >> sometimes during procedure you misread a line or do something and you end up shutting off the wrong valve or doing something. so if i have any anxiety, it is more will i be able to perform at the level i am supposed to. >> the things that i might be afraid of are making some big mistake. for me the way to deal with that is to know that i've done my best to prepare. >> reporter: practice time is running out. in december, coleman and the two others will fly to the station to a russian sioyuz rocket. there is still a lot to learn and rehearse.
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>> we see smoke inside. >> reporter: fire is only one of several possibilities they run through during this four-hour session. >> are you ready? >> smoke machine is ready. >> reporter: outside the station mock-up, a team of trainingers and mission managers observe and work through nightmare scenarios for a toxic leak or incapacitated crew member. or a rapid depressurization. >> still dropping. >> reporter: from a space debris hit or an equipment failure that punctures the station's skin. on this day, in all the rehearsals, katy and the others deal successful with the emergencies. when they're in space, they'll be ready. if that alarm ever sounds. now you know, everyone of the space walks take place up at the space station are rehearsed ahead of time here on earth. so co-insuranincidentally, katy
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houston where they do these training runs and she was actually in the pool yesterday running through the procedures that the astronauts will carry out later this week for real in space to fix that faulty pump. >> now is that just in case she ever has to go do it or do they do it on earth and say here's the experience we had and they relay that to the astronauts up in space? >> exactly. that's exactly why they do it and that's exactly how they do it. she's practicing to see if there are any issues they might run into and they do it for real up there. issues they don't want to run into when they're doing it for real. >> as we've seen many times, once it does happen, they have to certainly think on their feet and in some cases improvise. that's also part of the training. >> lose a few parts here and there, too. >> remember the duct taping they had to do last couple missions ago? john, thank you. now we've half past the hour. time for a look at our top stories this morning. bp hoping the static kill is a
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go today. an operation that could plug the source of the worst oil spill in history for good. the company still has to perform a crucial test on the well before it gets started. bp says it postponed it yesterday because of a small leak. for the second time in a week, o a prominent house democrat has opted for a public trial to fight ethics charges. california's maxine waters was formally charged yesterday with a ranging federal help for a bank her husband had a financial stake in. new york congressman charlie rangel is accused of 13 violations of house rules. he also faces a trial next month. a huge hurdle could fall today clearing the way for construction of an islamic center and mosque in the shadows ofs of ground zero. new york's landmarks preservation commission is scheduled to vote on whether to grant the property landmark status. one board member is on record saying he expects an overwhelming no vote meaning developers could move forward with the construction. also developing this morning, new fears of disease
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and death as officials in pakistan say heavy monsoon rains that triggered severe flooding may have killed at least 15 1,500 people. >> the raging waters have also slowed rescue efforts and disrupted the lives of more than 1 million other people. our reza sayah is live in islamabad, pakistan. what is the situation like this morning and is any help getting to the area? >> reporter: kiran, based on what we've observed, the situation is bad. but one thing to remember is that government officials and relief groups haven't been able to get so all areas of this flood zone. so we don't know how bad the situation is. this flood zone is vast. we went on a. tour with the pakistan army and what we saw below was widespread devastation. very much like the scenes we saw in new orleans a few years ago when floodwaters swept through after katrina. but take katrina and those floods in new orleans and multiply them by ten, at least, maybe more. that's how widespread the
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devastation was. tens of thousands of people are feared to be stranded. 1 million people homeless. the pakistani government is receiving some criticism for not getting help to all these victims. some of that criticism is deserved, some of it is not, because this is a colossal undertaking for any government, let alone a government here in pakistan that doesn't have a lot of money and is rarely efficient with its relief agencies. so a tough situation here for these relief efforts. >> are the concerns there, reza, that in the absence of government assistance in that vacuum, the taliban could move in and use it to their advantage? >> reporter: yeah, that's something that they're talking about, especially in the swat valley. a little more than a year ago this was the home to one of the chapters of the pakistani taliban. the military came in and swept them out. now with these floods coming in, the military distracted, the question is will the taliban take advantage. the military acknowledges that
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it's certainly a possibility. but it's difficult to say how likely it is. one thing to keep in mind is that many of these taliban fighters live in this region. their families are there so they're probably suffering through the same challenges that the flood victims are. they're looking for places to live, clean water, food. with these types of conditions, are they prepared to make a comeback? some say it is unlikely but it is still a concern. >> reza sayah for us today in islamabad, thank you so much. president obama keeping a promise withdrawing the last of u.s. combat troops from iraq by the end of this month. after seven years of war and thousands of lives lost, what was accomplished and what are we leaving hyped? we'll speak to "time" magazine's bobby gosch in just a moment. [ male announcer ] looks clean, doesn't it?
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welcome back to the most news in the morning. 36 minutes paf tst the hour. president obama ending a campaign promise tend to the combat operations in iraq over the next month.
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over the next few weeks, a force that once numbered 170,000 at its high will be down to 50,000 and all of them will be in support roles. we will have been at war if iraq for seven years, five months, and 13 days. a costly war on many levels. by cnn's count, 4,417 members of the u.s. militaitary lost their lives and according to some economists it cost our economy $3 trillion. bobby gosch spent more time in iraq than any other print reporter. he's now "times" deputy international director. thanks for being with us this morning. we look at those numbers. you spent a lot of time in iraq. as you watch the combat operations winding down, a, what's been accomplished, but, b, where does iraq stand now? >> well, iraq now stands at a place where it could go in any number of directions. there is great deal of political instability and five months after an election there still isn't a government.
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still violence. july was the most violent month in iraq in terms of iraqi live lost in the last two years. so things are not as a crossroads. they could easily go very bad from here. there is just a chance that things could improve. what has been achieved, iraq has something resembling a democracy. iraqis have free speech. iraq has a lively media. iraqis are free to travel. on the other hand they have an economy in tat tteratters, they have ethnic and sectarian agreements that previously were kept suppressed by saddam hussein but have now bubbled up to the surface. >> let's tackle a few of those at a time. first, the elections, the inability to form a government five months out. you noted as well though that it also, while it is unfortunate that a government isn't in place, they also haven't -- it hasn't completely dissolved into chaos which is also a positive
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sign as well. what do they need in terms of political and diplomatic support to be able to move forward with some sort of cohesive government. >> different political parties have to come to terms themselves. what we've learned over the last few years is that external innuns doesn't really work very much. you mentioned at the top of the segment that 4,417 american lives were lost. let's not forget that depending on who you believe, anywhere between 150,000 and 500,000 iraqis have been killed, many of them by other iraqis. so there is a lot of reckoning that still hasn't taken place between communities that only a couple of years ago were killing each other. so the political resolution has to come out of that. the world can help with economics. the u.s. can help with aid, with technological expertise but the political solution i suspect will have to come from the iraqis themselves. >> you also talk about the infrastructure problems.
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some $5 billion i believe the u.s. spent on trying to get some sort of electrical system, electrical projects working. they still have about what? six hours of power in a 24-hour peer. many people buy generators for themselves not even expecting some basic services can be provided. why has that proven to be such a challenge in iraq? >> there is a lot of theft and let's not forget that when sen years ago when the united states and its allies arrived in iraq, its infrastructure was already in pretty bad shape. the main problem is that rebuilding will require lots of foreign assistance. foreign companies have to build those power plants and build those gas refineries. >> we spent $5 billion trying to get several electrical projects up and running. we seem to be back at square one. >> that's true. very few foreign companies are willing to go there because the security environment isn't really very good. their insurance companies will not cover them. the military has handed out
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money to iraqi tribes, iraqi politicians, iraqi villages saying try to fix your problem. those are small band-aids. the money seems like a lot when we step back and look at it but these were handed out in small batches of money that were meant to solve immediate crises in one village, in one town and essentially put a bandage over a problem. >> because of corruption as well. >> a lot of that money disappeared into people's pockets, didn't get used for purposes they were meant. the big solutions have to come with big projects. but those big projects won't happen, the alcatels and general electrics of the world are not going to go to iraq until the security situation is resolved. >> the other big question is what happens now in that the u.s. troop presence is largely going away except for a support role and you have many competing influences for iraq. where does iraq sit in terms of
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its global presence and its neighbors like iran, for one? >> well, that's a very good point. iraq now is much more in the iranian sphere of influence than it has ever been in its history. certainly much more in the iranian sphere than in the american sphere. i think what we'll see over the next few years is iraq's neighbors will be jockeying for influence in iraq. i don't think the saudis are particularly happy that iraq is now in the iranian sphere. civilians want influence. jordan yaian jordanians, kuwaitis, all of iraq's neighbors want a say in how iraqi politics works out. the best hope is that this jockeying for influence will take place in the political arena and won't translate into different companies adopting a warlord or two warlords and fighting each other for territory in the way that they did in afghanistan. >> still a lot of questions remain. but at least for the united states, things are proceeding as planned with reducing our presence significantly. bobby ghosh with "time"
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magazine, thanks for being with us this morning. coming up in about ten minutes, a cnn exclusive -- "journey home." barbara starr reports on the extraordinary men and women who risk their lives every day to save wounded u.s. soldiers from the battle fields of afghanistan. that's just ahead. right now it is 43 minutes after the hour. to cookies just out of the oven. to the morning bowl of cereal. and to lactaid® milk. easy to digest and with all the calcium and vitamin d of regular milk. [ female announcer ] lactaid®. the original lactose-free milk.
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breaking news this morning. reports that a taliban suicide squad attacked the largest u.s. military base in southern afghanistan this morning. reuters is reporting that there was an hour-long battle after the initial rocket attack on the base. two suicide bombers blew themselves up outside the gate. two other attackers were reportedly killed in the battle but a spokesman in kandahar says no one got inside. meantime, we get a check of the morning's weather headlines. rob marciano is in the extreme wlesht f weather center for us this morning. have you your eyes on the tropics this morning, a newly form tropical storm. >> little bit of breaking news from the national hurricane center. tropical storm colin formed at 4:45 or so local or eastern time. right now winds are at 40 miles an hour, just barely a tropical storm, it is moving rapidly to the west-northwest at about 23 miles an hour. but still well over 2,000 miles
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away from miami. we've got some time before we have to deal with this. the forecast is for it to continue on this west-northwesterly track and then maybe make a more of a right turn. looks like the gulf is out of the picture at this point but the lower 48 from florida all the way up to maine still under the potential of seeing this in the area or at least in the neighborhood by the beginning of next week. notice at this point the forecast for intensity does not take it to hurricane strength. we'll see how that verifies. wichita, kansas, 108 degrees. how about that yesterday? topeka, 106. jackson, mississippi, 105. we have two boards for you today as far as record highs yesterday. memphis, 100 degrees. more in the way of heat across the same area today. check out this shot of the sun taken sunday morning. little flaefr black.
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that's plasma moving in a hurry towards earth. it will arrive tonight and tomorrow night. because of that we may see some northern lights, maybe even into some of the lower lat hitudes. clear skies tomorrow night, see if you might see the aurora borealis. >> here in new york unfortunately we might see the billboards of times square. >> by the way, when we had julia on from the "wall street journal" talking about internet privacy we mentioned a website where you can track from folks on the website know but. we had some inquiried -- www.bluekai.com. go on there, click on the consumer section. hit registry. it le wiwill show you what peop know on you and your habits
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online. do it from your home computer. you might be surprised. >> there is not as many fire walls in place. plus nobody is doing personal business on the computer at work. this morning's top stories just minutes away. an "a.m. original," a radical cleric born in america who studied our culture and how we think because he grew up in it. why experts say that could make him more dane rug than osama bin laden. an outspoken arizona sheriff with a $1 million bounty on his head. his tough stance on illegal immigrants is no procedure. how his office is responding this morning. right on cue -- sharks showing up off of cape cod during shark week. we'll talk to an expert from the discovery channel who tells us more about how to fight a shark if this ever happens to you and come out alive. those stories and much more at the top of the hour.
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53 minutes after the hour. it seems the more the war if iraq winds down, the deadlier the conflict in afghanistan becomes. we're losing american lives there every day, sometimes every
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hour. many of our wounded warriors are now surviving battlefield injuries that just years ago would have killed them. a cnn exclusive now, pentagon correspondent barbara starr with "the journey home". >> reporter: it's before dawn in the trauma bay at bagram airbase in afghanistan. another soldier wounded in the fighting down south, surgeons, nurses, doing everything they can. the journey home starts here. in vietnam, it could take weeks, but now wounded can be home in days. cnn was granted exclusive access to see the medical care that makes it possible, and to injured troops, some hours off the front line. in the hospital hallway, army specialist james dennis is being shipped home after being in three attacks in three weeks. he had already been here before. he survived two roadside bomb attacks in the same day, and
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then a couple of days ago -- >> there was indirect fire. i was hit by mortar. >> reporter: but still smiling. >> i'm good right now. they gave me some medicine. >> reporter: in the latest attack, dennis ordered junior troops under fire to run for safety. he couldn't get away in time. >> i didn't even get started running. i guess it knocked me out because i remember pushing myself up off the ground and had all this blood all over me. and then they medevac'd me. >> reporter: dennis praises the doctors and nurses. >> these people here are awesome. i mean they do their job. i respect these guys a lot. >> reporter: before dennis is moved to the plane, a last emotional hug from the trauma doc, captain joshua miller. >> i saw him over there in that wheelchair. i said what are you doing here again? ima's not supposed to see you
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again. sure enough he'd suffered another explosion injury. >> reporter: the doors have just shut on this air medical evacuation flight here in bagram, afghanistan. the wounded have already been loaded. you can see that medical staff is already taking care of them, even before we take off. we are about to go on an eight-hour flight back to germany. these troops are going to landstuhl regional medical center for further treatment. matthew, a medic, was on patrol helping our wounded when he was hit. your kevlar didn't protest you? your vest? >> it was about one inch right under it. >> reporter: badly wounded he told his buddies what to do. >> right away i just went on to just talk them through what we need to do and it all went really smoothly. then a medic went to help out.
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>> reporter: now others are tending to him. he gets relief for his pain. specialist cane finally under the watchful eye of his nurse. for air evacuation teams easing the pain and devastation can be tough. >> i've had a couple occasions, they just couldn't remember what was going on, where they were. for me that was the best moment to be there for that patient, to hold their hand and calm them down and let them know i'm here, you're okay, you're going only and just seeing them relax, okay, i'm good, all good. >> reporter: for three-time purple heart specialist, dennis, now on the plane to germany, it is all good. you were going from bleeding to hugging your wife and daughters. there's a smile. >> it is going to be awesome.
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when you're near death that close, i mean i literally thought i was dead when that impact happened. i thought i was dead. but you really don't know what you got until it is almost gone. >> prepare to lift. lift. >> reporter: tomorrow the next stop -- germany. in the month of july, 572 americans wounded in action in afghanistan. that's approaching double what it was just a couple of months ago. part two of our journey airs today on "the situation room." john? >> great, great story, barbara. we've got to remember though that for so many people who do manage to make it out to landstuhl for good medical treatment, there are some that never make it that far. right? >> indeed. >> the stark reality you showed it to us this morning, barbara. thank you. tough to see but it's happening. >> well, at least they're saving more live which is terrific.
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two minutes until the top of the hour. your top stories in just a moment.
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good morning. thanks for being with us on this tuesday, august 3rd. i'm kiran chetry. >> i'm john roberts. thanks so much for joining us. we have a lot to talk about certainly. i feel like we've said this day after day, but today could be the day that bp actually gets to go ahead with the static kill operation, the attempt to permanently plug that well. it was another delay in the gulf of mexico yesterday. the company says it postponed a key test that needed to happen before this operation could begin because of a small leak. now we're live on the gulf coast with the latest. an islamic center and mosque in the shadows of ground zero, a symbol of tolerance or a slap in the face? while that debate rages, a big vote today could clear the last major hurdle for construction to begin. we're live in lower manhattan in
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new york city just ahead. wanted by the feds and hiding out overseas, radical cleric anwar al awlaki is an american, he uses the internet to preach his hate giving sermons in english. deb feyerick is back with part two of an in-depth investigation. new developments in the gulf of mexico. we've been told this is the beginning of the end but this morning we're still waiting for the so-called static kill operation to get under way. the first shot for plugging the well for good could begin some time late on today. >> the government coming up with a new estimate as just how much oil has leaked from the bp's oil, it is on the high end, higher than bp has ever acknowledged -- almost 206 million gallons, by far the largest accidental oil leak in history. >> jim acosta is live for us in new orleans this morning. jim, the waiting is the hardest
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part. they were supposed to begin this injectivity test as it is called yesterday. what went wrong? >> reporter: well, what went wrong is essentially they discovered a small leak in the hydraulic system in the cap on that ruptured well. that's a pretty darn important cap because it is keeping all of the oil from spewing into the gulf of mexico. we're waiting to find out whether or not this is static kill day or ground hog day as you mentioned, it is another day of waiting to see if this static kill procedure is going to get under way. this injectivity test is very important. they're going to try to force oil down into the ruptured well and down into the reservoir. that's going to tell them a lot not only about the pressure that's in the well but the integrity of the well itself, can it withstand an injection of heavy mud and cement. they've got about 8,000 barrels of heavy mud ready to pump into this well as part of that static kill procedure. all of this is going to change hour by hour. we shall get a briefing later
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today from thad allen, the national incident commander. he is going to be able to tell us probably whether or not a static kill is going to happen today barring some announcement from bp this morning that static kill is under way. so we're still waiting and still hoping down here on the gulf. >> also, we talked about these new figures out about just how much oil is spilling into the gulf. there has been talk over the past several months since this spill that it was much higher than previously reported by bp. what is the final analysis, i guess, from the federal government? >> reporter: well, as it turns out, all of those experts who were saying that bp was intentionally low-balling how much was going into the gulf, those researchers were right. a team of federal scientists came out yesterday and said roughly 4.9 billion barrels of oil that spewed out into the gulf during this crisis. that's roughly 200 million gallons. that's a pretty key number
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because this is going to how much money bp pays in damages and civil penalties to the federal government. if the federal government determines that this was simple mistake on bp's part, which is not likely, it is $1,000 per barrel. if it's gross fegs according to the federal government, it is something in the neighbor of $4,000 per barrel. so we're talking big bucks here if the government determines gross negligence based on those numbers. that's why those numbers are important. >> huge number when you think of the amount of oil and the potential damages as well. jim acosta in new orleans this morning, thanks. in a few minutes we'll speak with a professor of petroleum geoscience at the university of houston. we'll talk to him about what goes into the static kill to try to get that oil from back down actually into the reservoir and what this injectivity test today is all about. meantime, just in to cnn -- a failed attack at the largest u.s. military base in southern afghanistan this morning. a coalition source tells cnn that one suicide bomber blew
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himself up at the gate. as far as this source knows, the base only received small arms fire. our barbara starr is watching this developing story for us this morning. also new this morning, evidence of the brutal and escalating drug trade violence that's ravaging mexico. officials say that what you're seeing here in this video is an explosive that was fired at police during a shoot-out in juarez sunday night. investigators say they're not sure if it was a grenade but they say it is a reminder of the drug cartel's increased sophistication and strength. a mexican drug cartel has reportedly put a $1 million bounty on the head of arizona sheriff joe arpaio. a spokesman for the sheriff who's nationally known as an aggressive leader in the fight against illegal immigration said the death threat was sent by text message. an fbi agent says the agency is aware of the threat but so far there is no word on any investigation into it. we've got a team of reporters working their sources to bring you the newest information on the war next
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door. in less than 30 minutes we'll be live with our rafael romo. let's get a quick check of this morning's weather headlines. rob marciano is in atlanta this morning. we've got something brewing down there in the atlantic ocean, rob. >> yes, sir. tropical depression number four, upgraded to a tropical storm with winds of 40 miles an hour. the name is colin and it continues to move west-northwesterly toward the u.s. right now over the open atlantic. about 2,200 miles from miami so way out there. a good four, five days away from any sort of worry. but nonetheless, it is organizing and heading toward the leeward islands. we'll have an updated forecast track for you in a few minutes. meanwhile, back state side, hazy hot and humid conditions continue across the mid and deep south with temperatures up and over 100 degrees again today from dallas to st. louis. just keeps on coming. try to stay cool. john? kiran? back to you. >> rob, thanks so much. the static kill operation, the ultimate plan to end the gulf oil disaster is starting to
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get under way. at least they hope. at least they hope. telephone minutes paf the hour.
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9 1/2 minutes after the hour. today could be the day bp attempt to permanently seal its broken well. right now the oil giant is gearing up for a test that needs to take place before the company goes ahead with a procedure called the static kill. that procedure involves injecting heavy drilling mud into the broken well. professor fred therber from louisiana state university and
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his students demonstrated the procedure for cnn earlier. look at this. >> as can you see, the well is flowing from the top. when the well is flowing, you can't do a static kill because as soon as you inject mud it is blown out into the ocean. to have the static kill you must have the apparatus at the top to control flowing. the brown there simulates mud. the blue area simulates the ocean. this is the primary well, and this is a capping stack which for a series of hours will control flow. this is called a static kill operation because there is no flow of the well. we're going to kill the well by mutting mud in it. mud's density allows us to create pressure on the bottom of the well great enough to stop the flow from the reservoir of hydrocarbons, so the oil and gas. go ahead and open the valve. even when the valve is open,
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there is no flow. the reason for that is our students have injected drilling mud into the primary well which increased the weight of the fluid in the well. thin creased weight increased the pressure on bottom of this column of fluid and that was enough pressure to overcome the pressure of the reservoir. >> very simple model to explain what's going on. of course, actually in the gulf of mexico it's on a much larger scale with much larger pressures. joining me now to talk about the process, a professor of pred m petroleum geoscience. what is an injectivity test and what's that designed to take a look at? >> as you saw from the example that was just shown, one of the things that you have is that mud and it pushes down on the pressure that's coming up from the formation. that's pretty simple to
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understand. the more complicated as expect is that you have to push that mud and oil down into the formation and that will seal the formation so the injectivity part of it is to see that if when they put fluids into that closed systems, the pipe that they have now, the well that's sealed right now, when they put knew fluid in there will it push or inject fluid down into the reservoir and maintain the same pressures. >> when we saw that louisiana state university demonstration there, there was water flowing up out of the well representing oil. but that was at a very, very low pressure. when we talk about pressures at the blowout preventer, it is nearly 7,000 pounds per square inch. the question is if you start injecting mud into that whole system, it is going to have to be at higher pressure than right now. we're above 7,000 pounds per square inch and the worry that some people have is, will that well, will that integrity of that well maintain at those
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higher pressures or could pumping that extra mud in actually damage the well bore and create an even worse situation than we have now? >> what they're doing is they're going to be pumping that mud in very slowly so that they don't raise the pressure too much. of course, it has to be higher pressure than the 6,900 psi but not much more so that's not a serious problem. the issue they're trying to figure out is if they pump additional fluid in there, will the fluid and pressure be transmitted down to the reservoir and inject into the reservoir. because the fluids have to more or less open up the pour throats in the reservoir. the reservoir is not a cavern. it is a bunch of small spaces between sand grains and they have to force that oil in what they call pour throats. that's where there's the frikdz or hold-up that's actually capillary pressure that's pushing back on it. >> but at this point you don't see a great danger in the actual well casing itself blowing out
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from the increase in pressure? >> as long as they're careful. that's why they do it slowly so they don't increase the pressure. if it doesn't inject and pressure just keeps building, they're not going to be able to do this static kill. that's what they're checking to see if they can actually do it. >> at the same time they go ahead with this static kill operation if the injectivity test indicates they can in fact force that oilack down into the reservoir, they're going ahead with the relief well operation. bp says some time between the 11th and the 15th they should have that relief well completed. many people might be saying, you've got the relief well that's almost finished, why are you even talking about this static kill operation? >> one reason they want to do the static kill is to make sure they can get control of the pressure early on. it would be convenient to have that pressure under control before they penetrate it. it is not absolutely necessary, but they will have the well pressure under control if it works well ahead of the schedule of the relief well. that's a good thing, because
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once they have the mud in and if the injectivity test works, they get the mud in and control the pressure, they will, for all intents and purposes, have the pressure and the well under control and it will basically be in the same condition as any well we're drilling anywhere in the world right now that has not had a blowout. >> then of course, the final question is, when it comes to permanently sealing that well, you want to do it with cement and do you do it from the top, inject the cement from the top or inject the cement from the bottom with that relief well, or maybe you do it from both aspects. where do you think they're going to go with that? >> well, it's going to depend on this injectivity test and how well the mud injects into the formation. one of the concerns i have is that once you have all of the mud in the well, and it starts to seal the formation, it will be harder if you're to look at the animation that bp has presented, it's very hard at that point then to push more mud and cement behind that mud into the formation.
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the formation cannot receive an infinite amount of mud and cement and it is critical that they get that cement down near the base and around the formation and seal the pressure at the source and not at the top. consequently, it seems like it would be much easier for really to do the see meant from the top and they could actually vent either into their ship or a little bit into the sea some of that mud as the cement comes in from the bottom. >> don, question that i have here -- once they get this well killed, everything all sealed up, can they pull up stakes and move away or do you think bp will drill another well into that reservoir? >> i don't know what their plans are. i don't see why they couldn't do it if they decided to do that. certainly a lot of eyes would be looking on them and making sure that they had good or properly operating blowout preventers in the rest of their equipment and was in good shape just like the relief wells. >> there is a lot of oil down
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there. hopefully somebody will go after it. don, appreciate your expertise. an islamic center and mosque two blocks from ground zero and the debate whether to build it continues to divide new yorkers and as well as the nation. how a vote today could clear the way for construction and what the reaction could be to that. 17 after the hour.
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there's a heated debate going on right now over the building of an islamic cultural center and mosque. right now new york city's landmark preservation commission has a vote scheduled for later this morning. >> it is a vote that could decide the fate of after building near ground zero that's slated to become an islamic center and mosque. allan chernoff is live at pace university this morning just a few blocks from ground zero where the commission is expected to vote. there's been lots of opposition to the proposed islamic center, also some support from very prominent people as well. what's at stake today? obviously we're having a technical problem with allan chernoff. we'll get that kind of sorted out and we'll get back to him just as soon as we can.
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all right. well, let's just see? can allen hear us now? >> reporter: yes, i can. >> sorry about that. we had a little technical glitch off the top. >> let's ask the question. there is a lot of opposition to this, support from prominent people as well. what's at stake in all of this? >> reporter: what's actually at stake today is not the actual use of of the building but a decision about the exterior of this building itself. should the landmark commission actually give this billing landmark status. so if the commission does vote to give that landmark status, it protects the exterior of the building. the five-story exterior. so the owners would pretty much be limited to the building itself. but it would not decide what they could actually doith the building. now of course, if they vote tho, no landmark status, the owners are free to knock the building down, do whatever they want with
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the actual parcel. but the bottom line is -- and people need to understand -- the building already in fact is being used as a prayer space. today people will be praying there. fridays, the most important day, of course, for muslims in terms of prayer, hundreds of people already come to that building. so the usage is not really an issue here. it's almost certain that there will be an islamic center at this building, unless the owners change their minds. >> then there is the question of course about the building itself, about the debate over landmark status. explain what's going on there and really what difference it would make if it was given landmark status. >> reporter: right. well again, the issue regarding landmark status is really just a historical architectural question. this building was constructed in 1858. it's an example of italian renaissance, palazzo style.
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if you look up the exterior, someone who is maybe not an architectural expert might just walk right by it, there are so many wonderful buildings in new york city. but that's really what's being decided here, does this really merit architectural or historical level of architectural historical merit that it should be a landmark. >> as you mentioned, either way, they're still going to build the islamic center. >> reporter: absolutely. there is no law that can prevent an islamic center from being constructed. the only thing that can stop that is a decision by the owners of the property to say, you know what? we won't go forward. maybe we'll do this elsewhere. >> but that hasn't happened. they're not planning to do that. >> despite some of the growing calls for this not to be built, including most recently the antidefamation league coming out against it. of course, as we said, a lot of
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big proponents of the building of it like mayor bloomberg of new york. allen, let us know how it goes today. thank you so much. coming up, he was born in new mexico, went to college in colorado, traveled coast to coast, uses the internet to reach out to people like him. it all sounds normal except that he's a radical cleric hiding out from the feds. we'll meet the man security experts call the next bin laden. 24 minutes after the hour. ...because on our trips, i always get there faster. see, expedia lets me mix and match airlines. so i can take one airline out... and another home. so with more flight options, i can find the combination that gets me there and back quickest. with a little help from expedia, my friends will think i can be everywhere at once. where you book matters. expedia.
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27 minutes after the hour. top stories just minutes away but first an "a.m. original," something you'll see only on "american morning." cnn has been investigating the radical fugitive cleric anwar al awlaki. the feds want him dead and they think he's hiding out somewhere in yemen. >> he's issued threats on the u.s. and has been linked to several terror plots but the difference with al awlaki is that he's an american. yesterday we told you about his early years growing up in new mexico, his college years in colorado. this morning we bring our deb feyerick back. she's track being the rise of the man terror experts call the next bin laden. lot of people wonder, he seemed to have a normal upbringing. how did he get to this point? >> that's the big question, why does somebody all of a sudden decide to go in a totally different direction. al awlaki is the only american found on a kill list. what makes him such a threat is his ability to recruit angry young men looking to get back at the world. he does it sanctioning the
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violence under the guise of religion. when you listen to him, unlike osama bin laden, for example, you realize allahawki is very tapped in to the western influence. if you need proof, his 5,000 facebook fans back him up. when anwar al awlaki speaks, he speaks largely to a western audience, inspiring and recruiting young men to join his lone wolf insurgency using internet and his american credentials to do so. how dangerous is he considered on a scale of 1 to 10? >> i would say 10. >> reporter: counterterror experts call radical cleric al awlaki osama bin laden's heir apparent. >> often united states is seen as a strategic hub for getting the message out. it's a country that has enormous resources and potential for recruitment is large an significant. >> reporter: if anyone knows, it
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is al awlaki. born in america, he spent his teen years in yemen before returning to the u.s. at the age of 19 to study engineering at colorado state university. though studying engineering, al awlaki soon realized a talent for preaching at a mosque near campus where in man remembers him as a pious young man. >> he gave a few sermons. it was long time ago. but they were really good. >> this is what america refuses -- >> reporter: good enough, that without any formal training, al awlaki found himself preaching at the denver islamic society. he began recording cds on islam and the prophets. book seller mohammed norzai says they were best sellers appealing to young muslims. >> they're thirsty for knowledge. he comes across in a very simple way to explain to you what islam is all about. >> reporter: from denver, al awlaki moved to san diego in 1996 when his new wife.
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he was just finding his voice and building his reputation as a enimam when he came a spiritual advisor at this mosque in san diego. his neighbor says they enjoyed talking about things like the orient and taj mahal. >> he loved to go albacore gishing. so did i. he found that out. his wife as a good cook. every so often he'd bring me albacore filets his wife cooked up. >> reporter: he also was pursuing a masters in education and leadership at san diego state university. >> he spent a lot of time going through it and learning not only the american society but how people think in the society. >> reporter: it was in san diego that al awlaki met an associate of this blind cleric imprisoned for plotting to destroy new york city lapped mandmarks. it was also there these potential two 9/11 hijackers attended his mosque. >> it is too much of a coincidence that the successor
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to al qaeda ideologically was also connected to two of the individuals that planned the worst terrorist attacks we've ever seen. >> reporter: there's no evidence he knew of the 9/11 plot but al awlaki's neighbor remembers his ominous good-bye. august 2001 he comes and he says, we're leaving. what was the conversation? >> he said "i'm going back to virginia." he said, "shortly after that i'll be going back to yemen." i said do i hope you'll be coming back to san diego soon. he says, no, i won't be coming back. he said in a little while he said you'll understand why. >> reporter: traveling cross-country, al awlaki became a prom nemt imam as a mosque in falls church, virginia. one hijacker followed him there, another would soon join. he said about pursuing a ph.d in human resources at george washington university. >> what makes him most scary, he's actually adapting best business practices to terrorist
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process. >> reporter: this imam who arrived at the falls church mosque after al awlaki left says the radical cleric subverts the faith and praiz on ieys on its followers. >> if you look at statistics, most people who have been so-called radicalized know very little about their religion. they have been mobilized by their passions, by their feelings, by their urges, by their insecurities. >> now al awlaki appears to know nothing of making bombs or flying planes but counterterrorism experts say his message which has been made in america is his most powerful weapon. he's given hatred a distinctly american voice. >> even if you do believe in your religion though, you can pervert it to your own purposes depending on what you really believe in this your heart. right? >> that's exactly right. it is his interpretation, the way he is looking at the koran and the words of the prophet moment saying, basically, yes, it is okay to do this.
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every mainstream muslim moderate, scholars and leaders say it is just no there, it is not what islam is about. >> i thought it was interesting. we made a lot about the fact that he's american and that he grew up was raised and spent his college years here. how do followers of his radical brand of islam view the fact that is he an american? >> initially was problematic because they thought who is this guy? now that he seems to coalesce these young men, he's gaining ground, especially in yemen and al qaeda in the arabian peninsula. they're sort of claiming him as their own. >> no shortage of people willing to follow. time for a look at our top stories this morning. officials in pakistan say the monsoon caused floods may have killed at least 1,500 people. the historic flooding sparked new fears of disease as well. raging waters complicating the rescue and recovery efforts. in all, 2.5 million people have been affected by the heavy
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rains. tropical storm colin is picking up strength in the atlantic ocean but is now expected to miss the gulf of mexico as well as the east coast this weekend. the system's about 945 miles east of the lesser antilles this morning. it is packing sustained winds of 40 miles an hour just barely tropical storm strength. the national hurricane center says it is picking up strength. also bp hoping that the static kill operation is a go today. an operation that could plug the source of the worst oil spill in history for good. the company still has to perform a crucial test on the well before getting started. bp says it postponed it yesterday because of a small leak. the raging drug war along the u.s.-mexico border is now a greater cause for concern for arizona sheriff joe arpaio. a spokesman for the maricopa county lawman says mexican druglords have put a $1 million bounty on his head. >> also the threat coming at the same time that an fbi webpage quotes a senior agent as saying that violent mexican drug
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cartels may be more dangerous than al qaeda. there's also troubling new evidence of the drug cartel's strength. you're looking at video right now that officials say is an explosive device being launched at police officers on the streets of juarez, mexico. rar ye rafael romo is live at the cnn world headquarters. what's the lacest situation there? >> we're beginning to see an escalation in the war between the mexican government and several powerful drug cartels that are terrorizing the country. on july 15th there was an attack using what some believed to be the first car bomb in the city of juarez located across the border from el paso, texas that killed a police officer, doctor and a civilian. now we have video of an attack against federal police forces in the same city. police officers were shot at by heavily armed men believed to belong to a drug cartel who also threw a grenade at them. such violent incidents prompted
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an identified senior fbi agent to compare mexican drug cartels with al qaeda. the agent based in el paso says in an fbi report, "we think al qaeda is bad but they've got nothing on cartels." the fbi later explained their remarks saying that the quote is the opinion of one fbi agent who lives and works on border violence every day. the fbi does not believe the cartels are any more dangerous nan al qaeda but in any case, john and kiran, a lot of people very concerned about this across the border. >> what, if anything, do we know about this report of a $1 million contract that's out on joe arpaio's head? >> it happens all the time across the border in mexico where public officials there are being threatened almost on a daily basis by the drug cartels. the difficult thing is that you can never tell whether it's a legitimate threat, if you can call a threat legitimate, or just a prank by any of the minor
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gangs operated in cities like siudad juarez. the other thing is the drug cartels constantly change memory cards in their cell phones so it makes it very difficult to track and to determine whether the call is coming from mexico or from the united states and definitely very much a possibility to really track the cell phone that was used for a threat like that, john. >> we should mention that the threat was sent by text message. rafael romo in atlanta this morning, thanks. shark week continues on the discovery channel, and, unfortunately, on the waters off cape cod as well. we'll be speaking to a shark expert, andy dehart, next about exactly how big a threat this really is and whether or not people need to be worried if they're planning a vacation in massachusetts this summer. 37 minutes past the hour.
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it's only when you go back and review imanimals that you
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see the mouth was actually open, all the shark's eyes were actually open when it was right above the water flying through the air. it's also interesting within a split second how the sharks are able to reject the decoy. they know almost the moment it touches their teeth that it is not the real food item and will spit out the decoy with a tremendous whoosh of water. >> wow. >> those are the type of games you don't really think you want to play with a great white shark. >> an amazing look at a great white. the clip part of the discovery channel's shark week program. that was not a real seal, it was a seal decoy being towed behind the boat. >> great whites have been spotted much closer to shore, cape cod, new jersey and other places up and down the east coast. but it's been forcing some beaches to close. andy dehart is a marine
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biologist and shark advisor for the discovery channel, joining us this morning from baltimore. thanks for being with us. >> good morning. >> i know you're not terrified of sharks. i personally am terrified of sharks but it is not to know they can tell instantaneously that's not the prey they want and spit that out. hopefully if i ever encounter a shark they'll know to spit me out. what's going on in chatham, massachusetts where we've seen in some places five miles of beach closed because of how close these great whites are? >> certainly the biggest factor here is we've done a great job of saving our seal populations in that area. we really diminished those seal populations over time and they're making a comeback. as they do, great whites that feed on those guys will start coming back as well. certainly makes people very scared but it is not that scary. >> andy, you say though that the great whites off the coast of massachusetts could be a little bit more dangerous to humans who go out there and swim in the water than when they're wintering down in florida because of the type of food that they're eating? how is that? >> we know great whites change
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their diet pretty regularly. in the united states in the winter months they are more on a fish diet. then in the summer months when the seal population is out, here on the east coast, that's when they're more feeding on marine mammals and obviously for us swimming at the beach around marine mammals, it is kind of best to move on to a different beach. >> you say we look and act more like seals in the water than we do fish. >> generally speaking sharks can tell what their normal prey items are. we believe most of the attacks that do happen -- they're very rare, less than 100 attacks in the world, last year more than 60 attacks. we believe these attacks are usual lay case of mistaken identity where a shark confuses us with their normal prey. >> you have shark week going on right now on the discovery channel. what is it about this animal that most of us will actually ever rarely see in person that has us all so rifted? >> our fascination with sharks began long before "jaws."
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polynesian cultures revered shark gods. "jaws" built a fear what have might be below us and that plays a large part into our fear. it is not the sharks per se but the fact there is an animal there that's been known to attack people in the past and it lives in a world that we can't often see or aren't very coordinated in. >> let me come back to this idea whether humans are actually a source of food for a shark like a great white. obviously we're not their normal prey because we only play in the ocean, we don't live in it. but if we go back to the striking video from the discovery channel of the shark going after -- this is a seal decoy that's being towed behind a boat. if you're a swimmer that's out there in the ocean or if you're a surfer, let's say, or a boogie border, does the shark really care whether you're its normal food on? if you're putting off a signature that's similar to the prey that it usually goes after, are you fair game, in its mind? >> absolutely.
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the sharks do care. sharks want a very fatty, very high-calorie animal like a seal. they don't want a boney animal like us. oftentimes when great whites do attack people there is not a secondary attack. they don't come back to finish off the deed because we're not what they're after. >> gotcha. you say it is interesting that we fear sharks top of, technically they have move to be scared of when it comes to human beings. you said 200,000 sharks a day are killed by humans. >> that's correct. we have very little fear from sharks. enjoy your time at the beach. but the flip side of the equation we are killing 73 million sharks a year. that's mainly for their fins. they're extremely valuable. a practice called finning where fishermen bring the sharks on board, cut the fins off, the shark is dumped into the ocean to literally suffocate. we're trying to close that practice through an act called the shark conservation act that's up for review in the senate right now in the united states.
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>> no question that's an unbelievely inhumane practice. discovery channel shark week episode last night. you talked with survivors of shark attacks. there was another attack yesterday off of jacksonville, florida. one woman was in about three to four feet of water, saw a small shark about three or four feet long coming right at her, she put her arm out and the shark pretty much shredded her arm. you've got pointers for folks this morning on what to do if they find themselves in a situation there is to try to avoid being attacked. >> certainly. first and foremost, with all my experience with shark attack victims, i would say overall they're very great people. they understand that they were in the shark's world, the shark's not really at fall here, it is just wrong place, wrong time, wrong conditions. but there are some things we can avoid. avoid swimming at dusk and dawn. these are peak shark feeding times. if there is a lot of bait fish in the area, understand the sharks will come in and feet on those bait fish. so get out of the water, wait on the beach, wait for that bait to
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go past. if you're on the west coast of our country, avoid areas where there are lots of marine mammals like sea lions. >> you see if you encounter a shark, do not flail. do the backstroke and you said slowly but also maintain eye contact. why? >> biggest thing make sure you know where that shark is. if you can see it, keep your eyes on it because that way you're going to know where it is coming from and you can present yourself as a larger target or fenn yourself off. obviously if you have a bite scenario where the shark has bitten you, whack him -- don't jab a shark because more times than not people have actually punched the shark in the mouth complicating the attack quite a bit. >> you're going for the snout and you're saying go for the snout with your elbow. >> with the butt of your fist, right on the snout. all their sensitive arrays are right there on their snout. that's where they pick up electric current, that's where they smell. if you hit that really hard they really don't like it and go in
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the opposite direction most of the time. >> now we know what to do. andy, dehart, marine biologist, shark lover and on the discovery channel channel's, shark advisor as well. tropical storm colin forms in the atlantic ocean. where is it headed? rob marciano has the forecast coming right up. coming right up. 48 minutes after the hour.
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welcome back. i'm rob marciano. here is an update on tropical storm colin. temperatures -- temperatures -- wind as well at 40 miles an hour now moving west northwest about 23 miles an hour it is expected to strengthen just a little bit but possibly not get to hurricane strength. here is the forecast from the national hurricane center. it does make a bit of a right turn toward bermuda and potentially toward the carolinas. at this point that is almost a week away. we will be watching colin very, very carefully. big other news state side is, of course, the heat. look at these numbers from yesterday. believe this stuff? 108 in wichita. topeka, 106, jackson, mississippi, 105 a hole slew of other records across the mid and deep south. cooling showers and thunderstorms across chicago, not severe but dumping heavy, heavy rain to slow down your morning commute south of lake michigan. heat indexes or indices, 105 to
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115 in these areas, pink on the map, dangerous heat, folks, take it easy as you head out the door in this area. well above average in these spot bus temperatures will be cooling somewhat as we get toward the weekend. that is a quick weather check. "american morning" is coming right back. when i was seventeen i was not good to my skin. long summer days, and not enough sleep. what i wouldn't do for a do-over. [ female announcer ] new neutrogena® clinical skincare. exclusive ion2 complex combined with activating cream helps restore collagen depleted skin. neutrogena clinical skincare is clinically tested to undo the look of a year's worth of skin aging
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55 minutes now after the hour. time for your a.m. house call, stories about your health t is a well-known fact that high cholesterol can cause a heart attack but what's not so well known is when physicians should start testing for it. >> new study says the earlier the better, so we are paging dr. gupta this morning to find out more. san jay as always, we talk about obesity being as prevalent as it is today, about possibly testing our kids for high cholesterol? >> yeah. i mean, you know this is where we seem to be headed. a couple of large studies out this summer -- i find this stuff fascinating. for a long time you can the question has been, okay, we know cholesterol over time, high levels of it, can be problematic much the question has been when should you start testing for it? what do the numbers mean at an earlier age and what specifically can you do about it? that's what researchers have been focused on. this was a pretty large study
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specifically following younger people along for 20 years, people between the ages of 18 and 30 to start w following along for some time, getting their cholesterol levels checked every two years, the question being what does it all mean in the end? what they did is they did this test called a calcium score test it is trying to mesh sure the amount of calcium in the blood vessels leading to your heart. what they found is people who had higher ldl levels, that it's bad cholesterol to start off with and those levels stayed high over 20 years, they were six times more likely to have an abnormal amount of cal he see yum in their blood vessels. so starts off high, stays high from a young age that seems to be problematic. the magic number there you can see at the bottom, optimal ldl, less than 100. that's what you want it to start with, that's where you want it to stay. again, a couple of tests now showing, even at an early age, if the cholesterol levels are high, it can be problematic. now, if you have a high calcium score, it doesn't mean for sure
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you will have a heart attack, blood pressure, family history, other factors play a role this is one of the first concrete tests to show how early some of these changes start to occur. doc what are the guidelines now, how early do patients measure their patients' cholesterol levels? >> john this is where it is all over the map, and it is admittedly confusion. i think the medical establishment probably has to do a better job what is the standard across organizations? you have three different organizations, for example, the american heart association, the preventive task force, american academy of pediatrics and see different numbers. take a look there the american heart association says starting around age 20 you should get checked. abnormal at that time, get checked more frequently. normal, five years after that the task force says 35 years of age for men 45 for women. look at the bottom, american academy of pediatrics, between the ages of 2 and 10. >> wow. >> what is someone to do with this information? it comes down to what we were talking about earlier what do
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the numbers mean and what can you do about it in the american academy of pediatrics has been raising controversy by saying at the age of 8 years old if the cholesterol is abnormal, kids should be started on cholesterol-lowering medications. that is not the same as some of the other organizations in terms of what they recommend. i can tell you this if you have an abnormal cholesterol level at an early able, studies have shown you are more likely to eat healthier, exercise more, change your lifestyle a bit. simply knowing the number, if the's high can have an impact. >> also talking about 2 to 10-year-olds or young kids it really is linked to obesity at that point, right? obese child, more likely to have high cholesterol? >> that is true. certainly r but also keep in mind there are people who have hereditary problems with their high cholesterol, so you could look a normal weight and still have high cholesterol levels. and even though you are not obese, that still puts you at increased ries whack we are talking about, these high calcium scores and possibly heart disease later on. >> all right, doc, good tips
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this morning and be back next hour to talk about what is better to talk about a low-carb or low-fat question. >> can i answer that? age-old question, absolutely. >> top stories after the break. stay with us. [ animals calling ] ♪ [ pop ] [ man ] ♪ well, we get along ♪ yeah, we really do - ♪ and there's nothing wrong - [ bird squawks ] ♪ with what i feel for you ♪ i could hang around till the leaves are brown and the summer's gone ♪ [ announcer ] when you're not worried about potential dangers, the world can be a far less threatening place. take the scary out of life with travelers insurance... and see the world in a different light.
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good morning to you, it is 8:00 here in new york on this tuesday, august 3rd. >> good morning to you. thanks so much for being with us. lots to talk about this morning, get you right to t going for the kill. bp says today could be the day, after yet another delay in the gulf of mexico yesterday. the company says it postponed a key test that needs to happen before the so-called static kill operation can begin. it is a small hydraulic leak they hope to get fixed today. we are live on the gulf coast with the latest update. an islamic center and mosque just steps from ground zero. a slap in the face for americans or a symbol of religious tolerance? while the debate rages, a big vote today could clear the last hurdle for construction to start. mexico's drug war spilling of near the united states. the drug cartels have allegedly offered $1 million to anyone who kills arizona's controversial
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sheriff, joe arpaio. across the border in juarez, mexico, a dangerous turning point as drug lords target police with an explosive device. the a.m. fix blog is up and running. go our-to-our website, cnn.com/a.m. fix. first, today could be the day. bp says it just needs to do one more crucial test before the so-called static kill operation can begin. the company says a small hydraulic leak put that on hold yesterday. >> meantime today, the government is also coming out with a new estimate of just how much oil leaked from bp's well. and it is on the higher end, higher than bp ever acknowledged, 4.9 million barrels. that translates to almost 206 million gallons, by far, the largest accidental oil spill ever. david mattingly is live for us in new orleans. does any of this come as a surprise to the people there fighting the spill on the ground day in and day out, david? >> it probably doesn't, because this entire time, they have been operating on the asuches that it
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was a worst-case scenario, which to them, always meant somewhere in the 50 to 60,000 barrels a day range. this would have been a tremendous surprise, however, back in april. if you remember, very early on in this disaster, bp came out guessing it was maybe 1,000 barrels a day. the u.s. government stepped in saying it was maybe 5,000 barrels a day. we are learning now from the latest numbers they are having how they have refined that number now, instead of 1,000 a day or 5,000 a day, it was 62,000 barrels a day when this disaster first began. and early on, as they started getting these panels together and trying to figure out exactly how much oil they were dealing with, i asked that question, how could you have gotten it so wrong back in the early days? and the answer was they didn't have enough information at the time. they were dealing with satellite imagery, which they were trying to guess how much oil was on the surface at the time. so that's why they said initially 5,000 barrels. it wasn't until bp actually opened up their camera feed so
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we could see that big cloud of oil coming up from the bottom. it was at that time that the scientific community at large was able to see that oil and make their own estimates. and then the government put a panel together of all these scientist and now this is what we are seeing, that continued refinement as the data comes in, now looking at in the early days, it was 62,000 barrels a day and later, as they capped that well, because of depletion, there was less oil coming out. they estimated at that time it was 53,000 barrels a day. but again this entire time, they have been operating under that assumption that it was a worst-case scenario. >> david, the company keeps enticing us, saying we are going to try the static kill. no going to delie. try the static kill. it was supposed to happen maybe late yesterday. what's going on with the schedule? >> well, we just checked again just before i came out here. there's been no change that's been posted and what they have got going right now, they are
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looking at fixing that hydraulic valve on the equipment they have down there below. once they fix that, they will go along with the test and that test that they are doing is going to tell them the big question. if we put the mud in there, is the mud going to sink down like we think it is going to? they couldn't get it to do that with the top kill they tried a couple of months ago but right now, they are thinking that closed system with the cap on it they will have a great deal more success with that. so, they will have to do that test to find out all right mud sink down and if it does, they are going to learn a lot more about this well and it's going to tell them if and how they are going to proceed with that static kill. >> all right. we keep watching it. david mattingly in new orleans. david, thanks. scientists are in a desperate struggle now to save sea turtles in the oil-stained gulf of mexico. more than 3,000 turtle eggs were carefully picked up by hand from the northern gulf coast, they were transported over to there to the kennedy space center on the east coast for inc., cube base and 400 of them were released on the beach last night
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in an attempt to save an entire generation of sea turtles. >> even the best-case scenario, only a fraction of them will actually survive once they get to the open ocean. >> at least a better chance than into the gulf. good luck to them. meanwhile there has been a lot of heated debate now, new york city's landmark preservation kissing commission has a vote later this morning. this is a vote on whether to grand landmark status to a building near ground zero slated to become an islamic center and mosque. >> allan chernoff is live from pace university, a few blocks from ground zero, where the commission is going to vote. we have seen a lot of opposition to this proposal for the islamic mosque and support from city leaders, like mayor bloomberg. what is actually at stake today in this hearing? >> reporter: john what is at stake here is the status of the building itself, not the use. so the landmark commission will be voting on whether or not to grant landmark status to that building on park place two
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blocks north of ground zero, where developers intend to put up an islamic center. that would include a mosque. now, if the commission votes to grant landmark status, all that means is that the developers would be limited to the five-story structure right in place. they'd have are to work with it. they could still create an islamic center right there. if the building does not get landmark status, the developers can just knock it down and put up whatever they want. the bottom line, and this is important because i don't think this has been well understood by the protesters, the bottom line is that an islamic center is going up there, unless the developers change their mind. there's no law that can prevent that. and the fact is already, there is a muslim prayer space in that building. every single day during the week, people are coming, using the space for prayer. >> when we talk about what this
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lambic sent letter look like what did developers have in mind for it? >> reporter: they say they are not certain. they have created a mockup, at least 13 stories high. they say it would be a modern building. some of the opponents said we don't want minute far this let's standing right near ground zero. the developers said, no, no minarets, it is actually going to be a modern building that would fit in with new york architecture, but they haven't determined exactly what the building would look like. and of course that is all assuming that the building does not get landmark status. >> gotcha. just to clarify, if it does get landmark status, does it have to stay five stories or can they keep that intact and build around it as well? >> they will have to go back to the landmarks' preservation commission. if they want to do something around the existing five-story structure, then they have to go back, get permission. it's an involved process, but
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again, this vote determines nothing with regard to the actual use of the building and that's where the controversy has been. >> allan childrenoff for us this morning near ground zero. thanks, al lap. meantime, check in with rob marciano at the weather center in atlanta and something brewing out in the atlantic oceansome it going to be any kind of a risk for us, rob? >> too early to tell it could be. hopeful it makes a bit of a right turn, way out there in the atlantic, as you mentioned. 2,000 miles from the southern tip of florida. newly named tropical storm colson swirling with 40-mile-an-hour winds. movement is west northwesterly, 23 miles an hour. closer to the leeward islands in the next few days and possibly shooting the gap between bermuda and north carolina thereafter. we will watch it ly, of course. also watching the heat, hazy, hot, humid day across the deep south. heat advisories and warnings up again today. dangerous levels of heat and humidity. yesterday, we set a slew of records up and over 100.
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dallas, kansas city and st. louis will all reach the century mark once again today. 87 in new york, warm but not the crazy heat you guys endured last week. much more weather details in about 30 minutes. see you then. >> all right. thanks so much, rob. east st. louis it is a down just 9 miles from st. louis, monsieur trip. had to lay off police officers and firefighters. it is a city that was dealing with a lot of violence to begin with and now many say it is just going to get worse, weighing security versus budget cuts. we are going to speak to one laid off firefighter, next. when i was seventeen i was not good to my skin. long summer days, and not enough sleep. what i wouldn't do for a do-over. [ female announcer ] new neutrogena® clinical skincare. exclusive ion2 complex combined with activating cream helps restore collagen depleted skin. neutrogena clinical skincare is clinically tested
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my eyes water. but now zyrtec®, the fastest 24-hour allergy relief, comes in a new liquid gel. new zyrtec® liquid gels work fast, so i can love the air®. welcome back to the most news in the morning. this it is 13 minutes past the hour right now we are facing hard times in cities all across the country and in many cases it is requiring desperate measures. in some cities, those desperate measures are triggering fear n philadelphia where money is very tight right now, they actually closed three fire companies yesterday it is a series of rolling cuts for these fire departments. in some cases though, the cuts appear to be permanent, like east st. louis, illinois, cutting 11 firefighters from its staff of 35, along with about a third of its police force it is
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leaving residents worried about response times and also possible crime waves. joining me now is one of those laid off firefighters from east st. louis, brian gregory. he is live for us in st. louis, missouri, just across the river this morning. thanks for being with us. >> thank you for having me, kiran. >> just lay out for us, this is a scenario happening in many cities. what is unique about east st. louis when it comes to the need for firefighters, police and other public works officials on duty and ready to answer that call in your city? >> well, i feel -- what i feel is unique about our situation is, you know, we are a city of 31,000 people. as far as our fire department goes, we fight more fire per capita, per firefighter than any -- any fire department in the state of illinois. that includes chicago, illinois. now, as far as the police officers go, the city wasn't
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exactly the safest to begin with. you know, we have our police force that's partially being subsidized with the illinois state police and other surrounding agencies. anded if you' ask any citizen in -- any citizen of east st. louis right now, they probably didn't feel the safest before these layoffs and now we are facing 19 layoffs of police officers and over the last -- over the last year, nearly 25 firefighting slots are missing it is just unacceptable. >> and you know, when you talk about some of the fears. i mean, first of all, let's start with the actual fear that, god forbid, if something happened to your home and you needed the firefighters to get there what happens to the response time now that you are doling with a department cut become so deeply? >> well, first i would like to say that whenever you call 911 in the city, you are going to get a response from a police officer or a firefighter. it is never that dire but the problem is that, you know, you are dealing with, you know,
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extreme -- increasing response time. you are going to have firefighters that might be on the other side of town that have to come where you are now. as far as fire, minutes make a difference. you know, just maybe even seconds in some cases, where you might have a grease fire in your kitchen. one minute that can be contained to that room and a minute or two later, you are looking at losing everything you have. >> right. >> minutes can also meant difference between life and death, in some situations. >> absolutely. and when it comes to the police, i mean, unfortunately, east st. louis has one of the worst murder rates in the country per capita, they say. let's say, you guys are higher than compton, california, higher than gary, indiana. how concerned are you when it comes to being able to fight violent crime in the city? >> i'm extremely concerned, both as a citizen and a former employee of the city. my dish know, born and raised in east st. louis.
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i have lived here my whole life. my family lives there. my father has a business in east st. louis. and i'm concerned not only about their safety right now but just the future of my city in general. i don't understand how we expect to, you know -- how our city government expects to attract -- attract business to get some type of financial turnaround in the city when they are eliminating essential services, police, fire. it just -- it's just ridiculous. i mean, i don't really know what they are thinking. >> yeah, a lot of people are certainly scratching their heads about the situation. the mayor is defending the move. alan park said, "i want our citizens to know we have the greatest police officers and firefighters in the country but we don't have the money to pay them. we have to have fiscal responsibility." and talks about you know, the need to balance the budget, the shortfalls when it comes to revenue. so, what really is the solution? i mean for towns like yours, going through this? >> well, i say the solution is
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ethics with, you know, justice cal ethics, do the right things with your money. the city has a history of mismanagement of funds. now, if they were doing everything right, my firefighting brothers and also my -- you know, blower in the fraternal order of police, i'm sure, you know, we wouldn't be as up in arms right now as we are if they were doing things right and then they couldn't pay us. the truth of the matter is they want the citizens and the voters especially to believe layoff a last resort. layoffs were the first thing to come on the table nearly a year ago. they laid off cops a year ago them tried lay off firefighters. i don't understand how they laid off firefighters. the city agreed to a contract that protected our jobs. we have a minimum manning in our contract. the police also have a manning
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table in their contract that the city suspect respecting. and these minimum tables aren't set for us to make money. they are set for, first and foremost, for the safety and protection of our citizens. >> right. well, as i understand it you guys have another meeting with the police union and tomorrow with the firefighters. perhaps something will be worked with out but i understand that it is a pretty tough situation for all of you right now. best of luck to you, brian and thanks for joining us this morning. >> thank you so much for having me, kiran. >> sure. john? 19 minute nous after the hour. coming up right after break, we run down the top university notice nation on the party school rankings. the list, coming right up. stay with us. imagine if it were this easy to spot the good guys. you know, the guys who always do a super job. well, it is. just get the superpagesmobile app on your phone.
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♪ you got to fight for your right to party ♪ >> well, the university of georgia where students brag friday nights begin on thursday afternoons, has been named the top party school in america.
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it is the first time that georgia has taken the number one spot on the prince ton review list. ohio university came in second. penn state rounds out the top three. on the other end of the spectrum though, brigham young university in utah topped the list of stone-cold sober schools for the 13th straight year. >> there you go go university of georgia, although the official there is aren't too thrilled about it. the officials say this is just a random sample. they e-mail people t is an unscientific study and we are really trying to focus on our academics. >> exactly the same thing the college that tops the list every year says. >> sunday through wednesday, they are focused. focused on the books. everyone is in the library, just get it all compacted, party the rest of the week. anyway, not just college kids partying, apparently there is a new survey from gallup finding more americans are drinking now than at any time in the last quarter century. 67% of those asked -- old enough to drink admit to enjoying at least the occasional cocktail. gallup found religion is a
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factor. people who go to church regularly are less likely to drink and catholics drink more than protestants but also the beverage of choice, beer. that's good choice. usually cheap in pubs, right? >> you there go. >> always perk up when we talk about drinking. >> i just thought it was funny. the universities hate being on this list but for the kids, you know, when they are in college it is a source of pride. yeah, we are the top ten party school. >> for a parent though -- i remember my son went to the university of colorado. >> that one ranks well, right? >> it was number one. not anymore. go buffaloes. >> there you go i don't know where the terms rank this year, but we had our share of fun. now it is all over. meanwhile there is $1 million contract hit allegedly on controversial arizona sheriff from maricopa county, joe arpaio's head, mexican drug cartels threatening his life because of his tough stance on crime and illegal immigration. we are going to talk to him about how he feels coming up, 25 minutes after the hour.
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top stories minutes away now. first, an a.m. original, something you will see only on american morning. cnn has been investigating the radical fugitive cleric anwar al alack kim the feds want him dead and think he is hiding out in yemen. >> he has issued threats on the united states, been linked to several terror plots but the difference with al awlaki is that he is an american. yesterday, we told but his earlier years growing up in new mexico, his college years in colorado. and this morning, our deb feyerick is back, she is tracking the rise of the man that terror experts now call "the new bin laden." >> interesting. what makes him such a threat is his ability to recruit angry young men who are looking to get back at the world. lose your job? blow up times square. experts says he sanctions violence under the guise of religion and drawing people in
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using pop culture, references, for example, even to michael jackson. he makes terror seem, well, modern, as his 5,000 facebook fans will test. >> be careful. do not trust. >> reporter: when anwar al awlaki speaks, he speaks largely to a western audience, inspiring and recruiting young men to join his lone wolf insurgency. using the internet and his american credentials to do so how dangerous is he considered, on a scale of one to ten? >> i would say ten. >> reporter: counter terror expert sajan gohail calls radical cleric al awlaki osama bin laden's heir apparent. >> the united states is seen as a strategic hub for getting the message out it is a country that has enormous resources and potential for recruitment is large and significant. >> reporter: if anyone knows, it is al awlaki. born in america, he spent his teen years in yemen before returning to the u.s. at the age of 19 to study engineering at
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colorado state university. though studying engineering, al awlaki soon realized a talent for preaching at a mox near campus, where one man remembers him as a pious young man. >> he gave a few sermons. it was a long time ago, but they were very good. >> this is what had america refuses -- >> reporter: good enough, that without any formal training, al awlaki found himself preaching at the denver islamic society. he began recording cds on islam and the prophets. book seller mohammed norzi says they were best sellers, appealing to young muslims. >> they are thirsty for knowledge and he comes across in a very simple way to explain to you what islam is all about. >> reporter: from denver, al awlaki moved to san diego in 1996 with his new wife with. al awlaki was finding his voice and building a reputation as an imam when he became the spiritual adviser to this mosque on the edge of san diego.
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his sermons were usually in english. very friendly, outgoing. >> reporter: his neighbor, lincoln higgy, says they enjoyed talking about things like the orient and taj mahal. >> liked to go albacore fishing and i loved albacore and he found that out and his wife was a good cook. and so every so often, woe bring me some albacore fillets that his wife had cooked up. >> reporter: al awlaki was also pursuing master's in educational leadership at san diego state university. >> he spent a lot of time going through and learning not only the american society, but how people think in this society. >> reporter: it was in san diego that al awlaki met an associate of this blind cleric, imprisoned for plotting to destroy new york city landmarks. it was also there these two eventual 9/11 highjackers attended his mosque. >> is too much of a coincidence that the successor to al qaeda, ideologically, was also connected to two of the individuals that planned the worst terrorist attacks that we have ever seen. >> reporter: there's no evidence
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he knew of the 9/11 plot, but al awlaki's neighbor remembers his.nous good-bye. >> be careful. >> reporter: august, 2001, he comes and he says, we're leaving. what was the conversation? >> he said, i'm going back to virginia and he said shortly after that i will going to yemen. i said, well, i do hope you will be coming become to san diego soon. and he said, no, he says irk won't be coming back. and he said, in a little while, you will understand why. >> reporter: traveling cross country, awlaki became a prominent imam at a mosque in falls church, virginia, one of the hijackers followed him there. another would soon join. he said about pursuing a ph.d. in human resources at george washington, university -- >> what makes him most scary, he is actually adapting best business practices to terrorist process. >> you will become a victim of -- >> reporter: imam abdu malak, who arrived to falls church
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mosque after awlaki left says it prays on his followers. >> you look at the statistics, most of the people who have been so-called radicalized, they know very little about their religion. they have been mobilized by their passion by their feelings, by their urges, by their insecurities. >> reporter: now there is debate as to whether al alack ski operational, actually planning plots himself. he appears to know nothing of making bombs or flying planes but counterterrorism experts says his message, made in america is his most powerful weapon. california, colorado, been to texas, virginia, the midwest with. he has traveled a lot. >> the number of followers continues. great story this morning, deb. thanks for that look. >> thanks, deb. following some breaking news just into cnn right now. a word of a workplace shooting taking place in manchester, connecticut where connecticut. we are hearing multiple people have been shot at the hartford distributor's building in
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manchester, according to police there. this appears to be a microbrew distributorship what we are hearing from south windsor as well as state police, they are assisting the manchester police department in this situation, saying that multiple people have been shot that some of the victims are in the building's parking lot and saying that at les as of now, the gunman is believed to still be inside of that building. people who were watching this and witnessing it, saying at least a half dozen ambulances were have been called to that building right now. so we are finding out more details about what appears to be a workplace shooting at a beer distributorship, hartford distributors, in manchester, connecticut. other news this morning, bp hoping to go for that static kill today. they had a little bit of a hydraulic leak that pushed it become yesterday but they are hoping that later on today, they are going to be able to get to that. meanwhile, the raging drug war along the u.s./mexico boarder is now of greater cause for concern for arizona sheriff, joe arpaio. a spokeswoman for the maricopa
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county lawman says mexican drug lords have put as 1 million bounty on his head. >> joining us now on the phone to talk more about this is maricopa county sheriff himself, joe arpaio. thanks for joining us this morning, sheriff. my pleasure. >> i know it is quite early for you, just 5:30 your right now in fountain hills this morning be, but tell us more about this mexican drug lords claim something there $1 million bounty on your head. what was your reaction when you heard this? >> that is nothing new. i was a regional director for the drug enforcement in texas and fighting this for years. i have received a lot of threats throughout my tenure. this is just another threat. two years ago, there was as 5 million bounty, but did a lot of work trying to solve that case in mexico here. i wasn't able to solve t but you know this is part of my job. they keep coming after me because of my fight against
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illegal immigration, drugs, high profile, can go on and on. but they are not going to deter me. in fact, i'm going to do more work against these criminals. >> so, sheriff, what happens in an instance like this? we note fbi is aware of this latest threat but we do not know at this point if they are investigating. if history is any guide where does this go? >> well, you know, i let them handle it. i do my job. nothing changes. i'm out there every day a lot of protesters. two years been in front of my building calling me every name in the book. so that's very volatile, but i'm going to keep doing my job, so let them -- let the authorities find out if they can track these guys in mexico or the united states. >> are you getting any increased protection around you? >> nah. i just -- i'm not going to tie up all my deputies. i did that two years ago and cost about half a million dollar lars trying to investigate the threats in mexico and here. but i'm not going to do normal
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work and i'm not concerned. i am concerned about my family, but nothing's going to deter me. >> you know, sheriff we hear so much about the violence along the border in towns like ciudad war rerkz you get up there in the major urban centers of the united states, what is the level of danger that these mexican drug gangs represent? >> you know, one with concern about the violence across the border, may come into the united states, go after officials, law enforcement. you can't back down. keep fighting the illegal immigration problem, the drug problem and see what happens. >> speaking of that i want to ask you about the situation we had today, caught on tape right in the border city there of juarez are, of police apparently dodging some sort of explosive device. they are saying that it could show increasing sophistication when it comes to the drug cartels. what is your reaction? >> well, you know, when i was
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down in mexico city, we had violence, but not like this. this has gotten out of hand right now across that bothered. something has to be done on both sides of the border to stop this chaos and -- attribute it to the drugs and the illegal immigration problem. everybody forgets the human smuggling. that's the cause for a lot of violence, too t is not just the drugs. >> sheriff joe arpaio joining us this morning. latest news is text message from -- allegedly from drug gangs, putting $1 million bounty on his head. the sheriff said, nothing he hasn't dealt with in the past. thank you for joining us this morning. >> thank you. most news in the morning on the attack, 2010 the most likely negative campaign ads ever. you have heard this before. no. really this time for sure. evan tracy, president of the campaign media analysis group coming right up. 39 minutes after the hour. aflac! is that different from health insurance? well yeah... ...aflac pays you cash to help with the bills
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welcome back. looking at live pictures right now from manchester, connecticut, where we are tracking breaking news this morning. multiple people have been shot at a beer distribution company in that town. reports say that three people are now dead.
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police say shots were fired starting at 8:00 this morning. so, just about 40 minutes ago. the victims were in the parking lot and the gunman was inside the building. still there are some reports additionally saying that the gunman could be among the dead. again, we are getting this from our affiliate, wtnh. and we are continuing to follow the latest on this workplace shooting, this apparent workplace shooting in manchester, connecticut, this morning. 41 minutes after the hour. could hit a new low. some political watch withers are saying this could be the nastiest, most negative election season of all time. many voters will tell you they are not swayed by the ads but there's little doubt that they do have an impact. and there are key races to already keep an eye on. joining us now live from washington this morning political media analyst evan tracy. evan, we hear this almost every election cycle this is going tonight nastiest one ever. you are saying, no really this time it's true. >> yeah it is, john. one of these elections right now where there is an awful lot of
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voter anger out there and if what we have seen so far is any indication, about a third of all political advertising has been negative already this year. this is a time usually reserved for those biographical spots and positive, warm and fuzzy stuff this is not going to be a fall for the feint of heart. >> defining your opponent is always the key in politics and trying to hard in the state of colorado there is a politically nasty race going on between andrew romanoff being supported by president -- former president clinton and the kur renner is tore michael bennett. let's look at a couple of comparison ads here and we will get you to talk about them. >> newspapers uncover the truth about michael bennett. bennett worked for right-wing billionaire phil anchute. they forced companies into bankruptcy and lost billions of dollars. workers lost their jobs, bennett made $11 million. one paper called it is real-life
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version of the movie "wall street." >> have you seen andrew romanoff ads about pac money? take an. >> you take a dime of their money. >> oh? career politician romanoff has been taking pac money for almost ten years. andrew romanoff the challenger, bent the incumbent, ral departure, evan, for bent, who has avoided doing this in the past. le is this kind of a case where you've got to fight fire with fire? >> absolutely. he was targeted in this race. and wall street is a bad word. money is a bad word in this election. what you are seeing in this particular democratic primary is that the candidates themselves are trying to run as the challenger and this is harder for bent, even though he is an appointed senator, trying to position himself as outside of washington, not part of the problem, part of the solution. and romanoff is really trying to put that right back onto bennett. >> the republican primary in the state of colorado is even more nasty. jane norton against ken buck.
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buck, himself, has refrained from doing the negative ads, coming from outside organizations like americans for job security. let's do a little comparison here and then we will get you to talk about t. >> liberal politicians will say anything, but talk is cheap. take jane norton. >> the federal government is overspending. it is overtaxing it is overregulating. >> wait, what's the real norton record? norton pushed the largest tax hike in colorado history. >> ken buck is attacking jane norton. wh what's he saying? here is ken buck on tape. >> why should you vote for me? >> because i do not wear high heels. >> play that again. >> why should you vote for me? because i do not wear high heels. >> don't wear high heels? that can be taken by some people to be more than a little sexist. but buck's strategy, letting outside groups do the dirty work here, gives him plausible deniability, says i have never run a negative ad against my opponent do voters really get that difference? >> sure this is the classic good cop/bad cop, where ken buck is
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really relying on these groups to basically do his dirty work for him. you know it is tough to say. voters generally associate the ads with the candidates they are supporting or the candidates they are opposing. so, a lot of times, voters don't differentiate between the two. you see in the norton ad there, this is really sort of the moment 2010. this race right now is going to look like a lot of races are going to look this fall. we have the citizens united case, which is going to put a lot more group money into these races and really, the charter of any third party group or issue group is to run a bunch of negative ads. so that's going to add a lot more fuel to the fire this fall. >> could be an historic level of mud slinging, as you suggested at the top. so, this again is all part of the demonstration that politics really has become a zero sum game and while it might be good for the candidates, negative ads, as distasteful as they are do work. is it good for the country? >> you know, negative ads tend to be more truthful in some
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cases than positive ads because when you run a negative ad, you really need to be right on the facts or that ad is going to boomerang right become to you. you know, obviously, we are in a country right now where there is a lot of anxiety with voters, the economy, jobs, the bailouts, health care. so, you know, a lot of these issues are going to be in play this fall and i don't think candidates are really going to wait around and run a bunch of warm and fuzzy spots. they are really going to go hard at these issues and hard at their opponents. >> evan tracey from the campaign media analysis group. good to see you. >> thanks. tropical storm colin now forming in the atlantic. where is this storm headed? our rob marciano gives us the update coming up. it is 46 minutes past the hour. ♪ ♪ d ssiliefoow fit ckop t dr, rsretsvethg.
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welcome back. from the cnn severe weather center, i'm rob marciano. tropical storm colin moving west northwest 23 miles an hour, formed last night. just now 2,000 miles from the southern tip of florida, heading in that direction. but the forecast track of the national hurricane center does give it a bit of a right turn, also keeps it, at this point, bow low hurricane strength. we get out today, 4 and 5, things get dicey, outer banks, east coast, don't let your guard down just yet. central part of the country, don't turn off the ac, 107, portsmouth, arkansas, slew of highs from louisiana, missouri, alabama and tennessee. and i think we will see similar numbers again today. only cooloff is right now, up in
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chicago, heavy thunderstorms rolling through that area. most of this is just some heavy rain, certainly some flooding son some of the roadways a slow go for your morning commute. and the heat indices, look at all the pink on the map, these are heat warnings posted for all these states, dangerous level of heat here, temperatures up and of to 1er 05, 115, at least what it feels like, looking for some relief to come later in the week toward the weekend. that is a quick check on weather. "american morning" so coming right back. but millions of plaque and gingivitis germs are left behind. a 30-second rinse with listerine® antiseptic cleans deeper. [ boom! ] its unique penetrating formula destroys germs [ boom! ] brushing leaves behind. [ sighs ] [ male announcer ] listerine®. clean deeper. get healthier.™ and for a deeper clean and brighter teeth, try advanced listerine with tartar protection.
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time for your a.m. house call, 52 minutes past the hour. if you are trying to lose some weight with, a lot of people say there is two ways to do it you cut out the carbs or try to cut out the fat. >> is one diet better for you than the other? a lot of people tout either one
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a new study put that question to the test and here with today's fit nation report, our chief medical correspondent, dr. sanjay gupta. which is it, cut out the bread and pasta or cut out the ice cream? >> reporter: in terms of looking a this the long-term over a couple of years it really seems to be a tie. , at least in terms of the metric most people pay attention to, which is weight loss. really was a tie. they found on average, people lost 22 pounds within the first year on either diet and kept about 15 of those pounds off by the end of the second year. so, some good news there. also, those other things that they measured as well, triglycerides, for example, one of the lipids. they also measured die ya stollic blood pressure, lower number of the blood pressure and found both diets did a good job lowering those things as well what is interesting and surprising to a lot of percentage the low-carb/higher-fat diet did a better job lowering other numbers, one was the systolic,
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the upper number and good cholesterol, raised that up as well. overall, the low-carb diet might be slightly better for your heart health in the two-year study here. >> you associate low-carb diets as being higher in fat and many times, they are. of course, we are always told to avoid the saturated animal fats because it is bad for your heart. >> that is right. that's right. so, what's interesting here. the people in this study were on average age about 46, all overweight to start w they were given some recommendations in terms of their diet. so, low-carb, when you eat the fats, make them leaner meats, more vegetables as well so you can have a low-carb and heart-healthy diet. with the low-fat diet, you may be eating more flour, more sugar, more foods with what's known as a glycemic index. raise your blood sugars and therefore raise your insulin and that drives more fat into the body. there are pros and cons to both diet.
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again, with regard to heart health specifically, let-carb diet has a slight edge there. >> you know, anybody who has ever been on a diet will know, sanjay, staying on it is one of the most difficult parts. any advice for people who want to get on one of these diets or maybe just slightly restricting your caloric intake and stick with it? >> it is interesting. people have all sorts of advice out there i have been reporting on this for eight years now. a couple of things always seem to emerge to the top. one is if you are going to do this, keep some sort of journal. i know that sounds maybe very basic to simply write down the food you are eating on any given day and keep track that seems to have the best sort of outcome in terms of people sticking with t keeping in mind the numbers, john, alugd to. 3500 calories is a pound. want to burn a pound a week, lose 500 calories less. skip the morning bagel, the sewed do or the ice cream, whatever it might be, depending on the kind of diet you are on the the numbers start to add up over time, simply eat a little
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bit less. >> you don't have to cut out the cheat toes, i will be fine. >> that is your guys morning snack up there? 4:00 in the morning. >> my advice. >> breakfast of champions. >> thanks, sanjay. >> all right, guys. about four points in top of the hour. we will be right back after this break. stay with us. enjoy yoplait whips two delicious ways. in the fridge it's a light and fluffy mousse... ...but put it in the freezer... and... ...voila! yoplait whips becomes a luscious frozen treat. yoplait whips, it is so good. blend it. sprinkle it. sweet! [ female announcer ] just about anywhere you use sugar you can use splenda® no calorie sweetener. [ male announcer ] savory. fluffy. yummy. sweet! [ female announcer ] splenda®. america's favorite no calorie sweetener.
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we are following a breaking story this morning, this one out of connecticut. local reports say at least three people are dead at a shooting at a beer distribution company in the town of manchester. police say the shooting started about 8:00 eastern. they also say the gunman is dead. the hartford newspaper talked with the director at hartford distributors. he told the painer that the shooter was, indeed, an employee. the director also says at the time of the shooting, there were about 30 to 35 people in the warehouse. shifts were changing over, which is why so many people were at the parking lot at the time. we will continue to keep

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